D2RO: Design and Integration of a Meshed and Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor and Actuator Network into Cyber-physical Spaces
This workshop is part of the Hiperorgânicos 8 – Ancestrofuturism, International Symposium on Research in Art, Hybridization, Biotelematics and Transculturalism held from 24-27th of May 2018 at the Laboratory of the Museum of Tomorrow, Rio de Janeiro.
The workshop introduces participants to Design-to-Robotic-Operation (D2RPO) in order to achieve physical and sensorial reconfiguration in architecture. Students are asked to identify reconfigurable components (lights, ventilators, heaters, or shading devices, furniture, and other reconfigurable building components such as walls, floors, etc.) and possible reconfiguration strategies (turn on/off, move, rotate, bend, etc.).
The workshop engages in the investigation of utopian/dystopian visions about future habitats by reinterpreting Constant’s New Babylon and introducing static and dynamic functionalities such as infrastructure (structural frame, circulation, water and electricity, etc.) and reconfigurable furniture respectively. Utopian/dystopian aspects are addressed by exploring on the one hand the potential of cyber-physical systems in architecture, on the other hand the challenges of overpopulation and urban densification, etc.
The principal objective of the workshop is to teach participants to design and to integrate a fully functional Wireless Sensor and Actuator Network (WSAN) into a Cyber-physical Space. WSANs lie at the core of Cyber-Physical Systems (CPSs) , which represent State-ofthe-Art enablers of both Architectural and Computational Intelligence in the built-environment. Strategies and methods pertaining to Design-to-Robotic-Operation (D2RO) [2–11]—an emerging computational intelligence in the built-environment paradigm developed at Delft University of Technology (TU Delft) [10–12]—are used to develop this WSAN in an open, scalable, and decentralized manner.
D2RO subsumes capabilities and motivations typical expressed via Ambient Intelligence (AmI)  / Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) , which are research fields situated at the intersection of the Engineerings (viz., Electrical, Electronic, Mechatronic, and Information Systems), Architecture, and Medical Sciences. Accordingly, an inherited motivation behind D2RO is to develop built-environments where systems and services expressed in terms of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) promote and sustain the general well-being, qualitative spatial experience of the inhabited space, and the comfort of the occupant(s).
Henriette Bier and Alex Liu Cheng